Prozac on the Couch: Prescribing Gender in the Era of Wonder Drugs

By: Metzl, Jonathan

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Pills replaced the couch; neuroscience took the place of talk therapy; and as psychoanalysis faded from the scene, so did the castrating mothers and hysteric spinsters of Freudian theory. Or so the story goes. In "Prozac on the Couch," psychiatrist Jonathan Michel Metzl boldly challenges recent psychiatric history, showing that there's a lot of Dr. Freud encapsulated in late-twentieth-century psychotropic medications. Providing a cultural history of treatments for depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses through a look at the professional and popular reception of three "wonder drugs"--Miltown, Valium, and Prozac--Metzl explains the surprising ways Freudian gender categories and popular gender roles have shaped understandings of these drugs.

"Prozac on the Couch" traces the notion of "pills for everyday worries" from the 1950s to the early twenty-first century, through psychiatric and medical journals, popular magazine articles, pharmaceutical advertisements, and popular autobiographical "Prozac narratives." Metzl shows how clinical and popular talk about these medications often reproduces all the cultural and social baggage associated with psychoanalytic paradigms--whether in a 1956 "Cosmopolitan" article about research into tranquilizers to "cure" frigid women; a 1970s "American Journal of Psychiatry" ad introducing Jan, a lesbian who "needs" Valium to find a man; or Peter Kramer's description of how his patient "Mrs. Prozac" meets her husband after beginning treatment.

"Prozac on the Couch "locates the origins of psychiatry's "biological revolution" not in the Valiumania of the 1970s but in American popular culture of the 1950s. It was in the 1950s, Metzl points out, that traditional psychoanalysis had the most sway over the American imagination. As the number of Miltown prescriptions soared (reaching 35 million, or nearly one per second, in 1957), advertisements featuring uncertain brides and unfaithful wives miraculously cured by the "new" psychiatric medicines filled popular magazines. Metzl writes without nostalgia for the bygone days of Freudian psychoanalysis and without contempt for psychotropic drugs, which he himself regularly prescribes to his patients. What he urges is an increased self-awareness within the psychiatric community of the ways that Freudian ideas about gender are entangled in Prozac and each new generation of wonder drugs. He encourages, too, an understanding of how ideas about psychotropic medications have suffused popular culture and profoundly altered the relationship between doctors and patients.

Title: Prozac on the Couch: Prescribing Gender in the Era of Wonder Drugs

Author Name: Metzl, Jonathan

Categories: General,

Publisher: Duke University Press Books:

ISBN Number: 082233061X

ISBN Number 13: 9780822330615

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition: Very Good

Seller ID: Z082233061XZ2

Description: 082233061X Crisp, clean, unread hardcover with light shelfwear, missing dust jacket and a publisher's mark to one edge - Nice!